Title: Global Value of GM Rice
Author: Demont Matty, Stein Alexander J.

Genetically modified (GM) rice is believed to have substantial implications for the alleviation of poverty, hunger, and malnutrition, not only for rice producing and consuming countries, but also for global acceptance of GM crops. However, despite an increasing array of GM rice traits available, nowhere in the world has the technology been commercialized at a large scale. We critically review the available global evidence on the value of these technologies as their commercialization may be imminent. The evidence suggests that agronomic GM rice traits will deliver benefits similar to commercialized first-generation GM crops. Secondly, since demand for rice is relatively inelastic in developing countries, these traits are expected to generate sizeable effects on food prices and poverty. Thirdly, due to the thinness of the world rice market, trade effects are predicted to be negligible compared to domestic welfare effects. Fourthly, compared to first-generation GM rice traits, benefits of second-generation GM rice traits are projected to be higher by an order of magnitude.

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