The International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research (ICABR)
FOOD SAFETY, CONSUMERS RISK
PERCEPTION AND SYSTEMS OF REGULATION:
THE CASE OF GMO
UniversitÓ di Napoli "Federico II"
Dipartimento di Teoria e storia delleconomia pubblica
The transition from modern to late modern food systems brings in the outbreak of problems related to risk and food safety, that imply the loss of the trust relation to food. Different ways of reading these phenomena are proposed, with reference to the economic, sociological and anthropological literature. In particular, the sociological theory of reflexive modernisation is illuminating in the analysis of risk. Individualisation and de-traditionalisation of food consumption are the other face of the globalisation process, leading to the breaking up of food consumption models and the shift to food consumption styles.
In this process of transformation, the food system is looking for a new configuration. National, sovranational and international systems of regulation are important arenas where the interests of different actors will confront each other in order to impose their own technological perspectives on the all food chain. GMOs constitute an excellent case for discussing these problems. The paper, specifically from an European perspective, will deal with the following themes:
The introduction of GMO in the context of a supply oriented food system.
The social acceptability, a reaction of the demand-oriented interests in the food system
Systems of regulation: whose interests at play?
risk analysis and the role of science;
nutritionists indications and the role of science
institutions and processes of regulation.
Perspectives for the GMO and food system